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Vol. 50 (2009) No. 3 December n. 162


Hangai Prize Papers for 2009: Computational Morphogenesis in Architecture: Cost Optimization of Free-Form Grid Shells

< Table of Contents for Vol. 50 (2009) No. 3 December n. 162
  • Journal Name: Journal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (J. IASS)
  • ISSN: (Electronic Version) 1996-9015
  • ISSN: (Print Version) 1028-365X
  • Issue: Vol. 50 (2009) No. 3 December n. 162
  • Pages: 143-150
  • Title: Hangai Prize Papers for 2009: Computational Morphogenesis in Architecture: Cost Optimization of Free-Form Grid Shells
  • Author(s): P. Basso, A. E. del Grosso, A. Pugnale and M. Sassone
  • Keywords: computational morphogenesis, form finding, multi-objective optimization, cost optimization, grid
Abstract
The optimization problem related to the tessellation of free-form grid shells is presented in this paper. This kind of structure is generally composed of a supporting grid that defines the geometry of a large number of cladding elements that are always different from each other. From the construction point of view this means that each single piece needs to be designed and produced “ad hoc”, then marked and positioned with the aid of an assembling table. In order to reduce the heterogeneity of grid shell elements, several optimization strategies, referring both to evolutionary and gradient-based techniques, have been tested and compared. All the free-form geometries are defined and handled with a commercial NURBS based software, while the development of all the optimization procedures has been made thanks to the VB based programming language implemented inside the NURBS based software. Due to the smoothness of the solution domain of this specific problem, gradient based procedures seem to be the most efficient for the rapid convergence to the optimal solution. Finally a multiobjective procedure, that involves static analysis combined with the discussed geometrical optimization, is proposed in view of future developments.

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