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On-line Journal of the IASS

Vol. 51 (2010) No. 1 March n. 163


Félix Candela: His Vocational Training at the University and His Subsequent Relationship with the Institute Founded by Eduardo Torroja

< Table of Contents for Vol. 51 (2010) No. 1 March n. 163
  • Journal Name: Journal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (J. IASS)
  • ISSN: (Electronic Version) 1996-9015
  • ISSN: (Print Version) 1028-365X
  • Issue: Vol. 51 (2010) No. 1 March n. 163
  • Pages: 87-95
  • Title: Félix Candela: His Vocational Training at the University and His Subsequent Relationship with the Institute Founded by Eduardo Torroja
  • Author(s): P. Cassinello and J. A. Torroja
  • Keywords: Candela, Torroja, concrete shells, thin shells
Abstract
Félix Candela holds a prominent position in the chapter of modern architecture on thin concrete shells. While most of his legacy is to be found in Mexico, where he lived in exile for much of his adult life, his interest in shell design and his sound university training were acquired in Madrid. Candela studied at the city’s Faculty of Science (1927-1929) and its School of Architecture (1929-1935). The university’s mathematics curriculum was designed by Eduardo Torroja Caballé, who had revolutionized mathematics analysis teaching in Spain. In 1935, his son, Eduardo Torroja Miret, built two of his famous thin shells in Madrid: the Zarzuela Race Track and the Recoletos Jai-Alai Court. Although Félix Candela was not to return to Madrid until 1969, he never ceased to admire Eduardo Torroja and the institute founded by that eminent engineer. That admiration nourished a close relationship with both from the nineteen fifties onward, when Candela’s Mexican company, “Cubiertas Ala” (1950), began to build its acclaimed reinforced concrete shells. Candela collaborated for many years with the IASS, an association founded at the Institute under Eduardo Torroja’s leadership in 1959.

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