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Vol. 41 (2000) No. 1 April n. 132

Ice Shell–Review and Recent Application

< Table of Contents for Vol. 41 (2000) No. 1 April n. 132
  • Journal Name: Journal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (J. IASS)
  • ISSN: (Electronic Version) 1996-9015
  • ISSN: (Print Version) 1028-365X
  • Issue: Vol. 41 (2000) No. 1 April n. 132
  • Pages: 23-29
  • Title: Ice Shell–Review and Recent Application
  • Author(s): T. Kokawa, O. Itoh, K. Watanabe
  • Keywords: Ice structure, Pneumatic formwork, Snow blowing, Water spraying, Winter architecture.
ICE SHELL is thin, and its structural material is snow-ice. It may be considered as a contemporary "Igloo in Eskimo" or "Kamakura in Japan". It can cover by far a large area compared with these classical snow-ice structures, because of the high structural efficiency. It creates a fantastic and beautiful space and may provide an efficient architectural solution to certain problems in the snowy and cold regions during winter. This paper describes 1) looking back upon the study of ice shell developed in Asahikawa for the last 20 years concerning with structural and constructional engineering, and 2) recent architectural application for winter leisure spaces covered by many ice shells including a large free-shape ice shell and 20 m span ice dome, at Tomamu in Hokkaido

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