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Vol. 48 (2007) No. 2 August n. 154

Light Structure Examples for Industrial Architecture

< Table of Contents for Vol. 48 (2007) No. 2 August n. 154
  • Journal Name: Journal of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (J. IASS)
  • ISSN: (Electronic Version) 1996-9015
  • ISSN: (Print Version) 1028-365X
  • Issue: Vol. 48 (2007) No. 2 August n. 154
  • Pages: 119-129
  • Title: Light Structure Examples for Industrial Architecture
  • Author(s): C.M. Ferrer F., J.J. Ferran, J.B. Torregrosa, C.M. Ferrer G., F.J. Sanchez, M. Redon and J.J. Valles
  • Keywords: Light warehouses, typologies, morphology
In the Educational Construction Unit of the Rural and Agricultural Engineering Department of the Polytechnic University of Valencia, we developed a series of spatial structure typologies for industrial warehouses, which have been improved and developed over time. In most cases, the warehouses have been used for agroindustrial activity, although they can also be used for various other applications. In this report, five basic models are described, which have been put into practice on numerous occasions. They stand out for their lightness and their good structural behaviour under different applied loads (0.25-0.30 kN/m2, on average). These five models stand out because they have been designed to encompass a large area. Some of them are more adaptable to rectangular plants, while others are better adapted to square distributions. Although the mechanical and architectural qualities of the five models will be described in more detail, their main characteristics are summarised here: 1. Wide-open plan: the structures contain a small number of intermediate pillars, making them well-suited to the arrangement of machinery and other activities that may develop. 2. Rigidity and lightness of cover, excellent structural behaviour, and high degree of bracing against lateral loadings due to the truss of bars and the four-slope disposition. 3. Illumination: the disposition and design of the structural truss allow for skylight bands that provide a high degree of natural illumination and environmental comfort. 4. Ventilation: the disposition of zenithal and lateral openings, together with the ridge-cap height, provide convective static ventilation that improves environmental conditions. 5. Lower deformations and deflections due to truss-cover rigidity. 6. Reduced dimensions of the foundations; the behaviour of the cover is such that small bending stresses are transmitted to the supports.

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