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IASS 2016 Tokyo Symposium: Spatial Structures in the 21st Century


IASS Symposium 2016

SESSION: Historical Structures

Parallel universe - Evolution of Hungarian shell architecture

< Table of Contents for Historical Structures
  • Proceedings Name: IASS 2016 Tokyo Symposium: Spatial Structures in the 21st Century
  • ISSN: (Electronic Version) 2518-6582
  • Session: Historical Structures
  • Pages: 10
  • Title: Parallel universe - Evolution of Hungarian shell architecture
  • Author(s): Orsolya Gaspar, Istvan Sajtos
  • Keywords: concrete shell, Hungarian School, knowledge transfer, modelling, form finding
Abstract
The present paper describes the evolution of Hungarian shell architecture in the 20th century, with special emphasis on how it has been linked to the mainstream shell architecture of the Western world. The main contribution of the 'Hungarian School' to the international community was a refined theoretical methodology for some unique problems of shell construction. The actual built examples, the daring structural solutions of the era have never received much publicity. During the Golden Age of reinforced concrete shells from the end of WWII to the 1970s, Hungary, then belonging to the Soviet sphere of interest, was seemingly isolated from the mainstream development of Western shell architecture. Case studies are shown revealing the possible influences an internationally well-known archetype might have had on a particular design. The case studies also highlight the Hungarian characteristics of the era's shell building.

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