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IASS-SLTE Symposium 2014: Shells, Membranes and Spatial Structures: Footprints


IASS Symposium 2014

SESSION: Plenary Lectures

Shape Finding or Form Finding

< Table of Contents for Plenary Lectures
  • Proceedings Name: IASS-SLTE Symposium 2014: Shells, Membranes and Spatial Structures: Footprints
  • ISSN: (Electronic Version) 2518-6582
  • Session: Plenary Lectures
  • Title: Shape Finding or Form Finding
  • Author(s): Nicholas GOLDSMITH
  • Keywords: building membranes, acoustics, environmental, soap films, biomimetics, form-finding, shape finding, lighting, ETFE foil, PTFE glass, Frei Otto
Abstract
In the 18th century, naturalists started a movement which arose from a desire to understand the "universal laws of form" in order to explain observed forms of living organisms. Although it didn’t have much traction at the time, during the early 20th century pioneers such as D’Arcy Wentworth Thompson expanded these notions to create a modern understanding that there are universal laws which arise from fundamental math and physics and that reflect the growth and form in biological systems. Thompson worked on the correlation between natural forms and mathematical models and showed similarities between such things as jellyfish forms and drops of liquid. His book, On Growth and Form became an important way finder in the study of nature and the instrumental in the later emergence of the field of biomimetics.

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