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IASS-SLTE Symposium 2014: Shells, Membranes and Spatial Structures: Footprints


IASS Symposium 2014

SESSION: General 9: Computational Tools, Shape Finding and Optimization

The relationship of form and structure in digital approach of architecture

< Table of Contents for General 9: Computational Tools, Shape Finding and Optimization
  • Proceedings Name: IASS-SLTE Symposium 2014: Shells, Membranes and Spatial Structures: Footprints
  • ISSN: (Electronic Version) 2518-6582
  • Session: General 9: Computational Tools, Shape Finding and Optimization
  • Title: The relationship of form and structure in digital approach of architecture
  • Author(s): Ioannis MIRTSOPOULOS
  • Keywords: structure, performance based design, computational tools, mathematics
Abstract
Form and structure, two essential ingredients of architecture have developed a distinctive connection throughout the years. The rules defining this connection always affect the quality of the architectural outcome. Lately, new architectural approaches have been established integrating digital media at all stages of design, from architectural conceptualization and performance evaluation to optimization and fabrication. The gradually increasing computer usage has been proven to define more and more the connection between form and structure allowing form generations through non linear parametric procedures. Undoubtedly, digital approach of architecture demands interdisciplinary co-operations in order to tackle with many different issues and difficulties that need to be overtaken. Not only related to structure and materials, but also to computational and scripting knowledge. As for structure, it is not considered as a solution demanding problem that needs to be answered after form is shaped. On the other hand, materiality can lead to performance based design while materialization makes it difficult to distinguish what is structure and what is form. In order to handle this interaction between form, structure and materials, structure needs to be studied the very moment that either form or some other parameter changes through algorithms and programming languages which play a central role to the process of architectural design. Thus, applying computational tools for performance simulations does not only evaluate the final form but acts as a form generation engine. Computation and digital simulations help engineers optimize the structure’s form, in order to succeed the optimum result in the form-structure system, in the era of mass customization and uniqueness. All this procedure reveals the existence of a succession of steps towards the final architectural result which cannot be linear until a satisfactory design is produced.

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