Log In    |    Join IASS    |    Online Journal    |    Proceedings    |    Directory    |    Events    |    News

Online IASS Proceedings

IASS-SLTE Symposium 2014: Shells, Membranes and Spatial Structures: Footprints

IASS Symposium 2014

SESSION: Latin-American Symposium on Tension Structures

Enseñando a diseñar y construir tenso-estructuras

< Table of Contents for Latin-American Symposium on Tension Structures
  • Proceedings Name: IASS-SLTE Symposium 2014: Shells, Membranes and Spatial Structures: Footprints
  • ISSN: (Electronic Version) 2518-6582
  • Session: Latin-American Symposium on Tension Structures
  • Title: Enseñando a diseñar y construir tenso-estructuras
  • Author(s): Juan Gerardo OLIVA SALINAS, Marcos Javier ONTIVEROS HERNÁNDEZ
  • Keywords: Tension strcutures,structural geometry, mechanics, sustainability
The aim of this work is to show the teaching procedures practiced along several years at the Faculty of Architecture at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México – UNAM; addressed to the teaching of design and construction of tensile structures to the students of Architecture and Civil Engineering. The obtained results will be demonstrated with the projects realized by the students, most of them now Architects or Engineers, in international competitions as well as in the professional field. The authors of this paper are aware that these teaching methods constitute just one proposal that can be improved among many others. Both authors have worked together along 12 years in the teaching of tensile architecture. Certainly, it is the innate ability of each student improved through exercises what makes possible to generate an original and innovative proposal, nevertheless if this ability is reinforced with knowledge and fundamental principles of the relationship between form – structural behavior, the realized proposals may be revitalized and turn closer to a more sustainable Architecture or Engineering. Form may be managed and determined through Geometry, structural behavior may be managed and applied through Mechanics. Due to this fact, the authors have combined for the teaching of tensile structures and other light weight structures systems to the students of Architecture and Engineering, the parallel teaching of both disciplines: Mechanics and Geometry, emphasizing on each step of the teaching process the relationship between form and structural behavior. From the fusion of both disciplines a new term emerges called MECHAMETRY, which might be defined as the application of Mechanics and Geometry to the architectural and structural design of lightweight structures. Students of Architecture and Engineering have realized projects on tensile structures in international students competitions, which have been awarded with recognitions. Former students, today architects, have also obtained international recognitions with the realization of tensile structures in Mexico. We will present in this paper the before mentioned projects emphasizing the aim of making the students more conscious to realize sustainable architectural and structural projects, with a more efficient application of the natural resources and contributing to the care and conservation of the natural environment.

Read the complete paper (pdf) (requires membership)
© IASS All rights reserved.
IASS · CEDEX - Laboratorio Central de Estructuras y Materiales · C/ Alfonso XII, 3 · 28014 Madrid, Spain     tel. 34 91 335-7409; fax: 335-7422
Site Design & Programming
by World Design Group, Inc.